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base coat clear coat painting tips

Holding the spray gun too far away can result in the paint going on too dry and creating a textured, grainy surface. Very fine metallics or pearl basecoats can give a sleek, elegant effect. PPG’s Shopline JC630 is a universal clear. Clear coat (gloss or matte) will be required for base color coat applications. For spraying a whole car, a 1.3mm tip is recommended. They are also low in solids, which means the thickness of the paint coat is 1/3 less than single-stage or urethane clearcoat. Get some white poster board and practice spraying smooth, even coats. As paint jobs became more complex, with pearl or metallic finishes, these simple paints could not hold up. For a successful candy paintjob, plan on spending some time training yourself to spray the color. SHOW DEAL. With the paint cured, it’s time to apply a clear coat in a similar fashion as you did with the paint. The clear coat plays a vital role in enhancing the shines and durability of the paints of objects like automobiles. PPG’s DMX toners and House of Kolor Kandy Koncentrates are great for creating candy paint. The clear coat goes on a smooth surface, not a rough one. Some more experienced painters will use a larger tip like this, but it takes some expertise in mixing and gun setup to avoid runs and thick coatings of clear. Use an inexpensive foam brush (like this) and brush in one direction for each coat. The red candy was evenly applied. Painting tri-coat colors is much like painting metallic colors. This represents just the color and clearcoat, with reducers and catalysts to paint on one car. If you use a basecoat clear for pearl or candy layers of a paintjob, you should apply several coats of urethane clear over it. In the case of heavily applied or too many coats of any basecoat, it can take days for the solvent to gas out. Oops. This is usually caused by trapped solvents. However, once you’re familiar with how candy paint sprays, you can mix your own. Build your own custom newsletter with the content you love from Chevy Hardcore, directly to your inbox, absolutely FREE! There are pros and cons to each method. It doesn’t have to be really wet because this is base coat. The main thing to remember is the coverage needs to be even. Always let the test panel cure overnight before making a judgment about the finish. 2. Always check the product sheet. 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For example, leveling out and protecting artwork and graphics. Can urethane clear be used as a midcoat clear? Plus, they are generally less costly than higher solids clear products. As mentioned above, you will need the right air temperature, ventilation, and equipment ready. If you’re mixing the colors yourself, you can fine-tune them by changing the amount of the pearl. Look up your vehicle’s paint code; typically found in door jamb or under bonnet. In certain situations, yes. It was applied over a white basecoat. Unlike glossy clear urethane, the flatness of the finish develops as the product cures. The base coat clear coat paint kits typically include all the materials you will need to paint and clear coat a vehicle. With clear coat I also wouldn't wait too long between coats. Painting is all about finding a happy medium. The metallic or pearl basecoat is just as important as the candy color. Just allow the weight of the polisher to lay on the surface, do not apply excessive pressure or hold in the polisher in one area. Courser, brighter metallics give a blingy, bright-sparkle effect. To get a better understanding, let’s start by breaking down the various kinds of clearcoats and how they are used and applied. The heavier the paint is applied, the more gloss it will have. Most vehicles you see on the road are painted with universal or lower solids clear. A clear coat is added over that paint to protect it. Most automotive paints require a 4-to-1 ratio, which means four ounces of paint for every one ounce of reducer. Both are great products and produce hard, glassy finishes that last for years. Painting high solids takes practice. 5 1. Spraymax 2K Clear Coat Spray Can - High Gloss Clear Coat for Repair and New Paint Jobs - Diverse Applications - Professional Results - Bundled with Moshify Spray Can Trigger. Even if you don’t have all the professional equipment of a full-time body shop, there are plenty of things to learn from this master of his craft, so let’s dig in. When choosing the final color for your project, it’s critical to understand the different kinds of basecoats, as well as how basecoat paints work. It’s sprayed over a metallic or pearl basecoat and allows the sparkle of the basecoat to be seen through the tinted candy layer. There are two kinds of basecoat paint systems. While a black truck that has been clearcoated will appear as a very dark black, the clearcoat will slightly mute the pure darkness of the black. If I’m working over a basecoat-cleared surface and the airbrush trigger sticks open, unwanted paint material can blast onto the surface. But, single-stage paints don’t have much depth, because it’s sprayed in medium to heavy coats. Some painters use urethane clear for their candy coats. DCX61 is the most commonly used catalyst for this clear. The optimum temperature is 72ºf, and applying the product in high temperatures can accelerate the drying process and cause the clear to dry before it lands, creating a sandpaper-like finish. The coats need to go on smooth, but still be light enough to distribute the metallics evenly. © 2020 Power Automedia. Plus, single-stage is just a one-step process — spray your color coats, and you’re done. It consists of a base color paint and a transparent resin coating to protect it. But know that adding a pearl to candy will mute the effect of the candy, so go very lightly with the pearl if you try this. The bottom line is, whatever clear you use, do your research and follow the product sheet for that particular product. The main thing to remember is the coverage needs to be even. Basecoat clears are known by different names such as midcoat or intercoat clears. Or, you can play around with a few and come up with your own custom basecoat to use under the candy. Incorrect cleaning of the surface (dirt from rebates, etc.). Applying clear coat solutions … Again, testing your paint can make all the difference in your success, as you can know what to expect and can adjust your paint and your technique as needed. Flake paint ranges in size from ultra-micro flake .002-inch to bass-boat-sized big flake at .62-inch. The trick to spraying a nice and even flat finish is to practice. Most recommend 3-4 coats of paint. Apply your base coat normally. So far, in our Painting 101 Series, we’ve covered how to turn your home garage into a paint booth, which paint to use, choosing primers and sealers, and proper use of body fillers. One coat gives a rougher finish. One company might want its intercoat or basecoat clear to have superior adhesion qualities, so the solvents in that product might be stronger than most. The painter has to lay the clear on heavy enough so the thicker clear flows but doesn’t run. So, before spraying each coat, hold a wadded-up cloth over the spray nozzle and slightly pull the trigger of the spray gun. The thicker the candy paint, the darker the color will be. If your painting area is not super clean, candy paint might not be the best choice for your project. © 2020 Power Automedia. This makes them a favorite for many home enthusiasts. Most paint companies have their own line of flake paint. Then wet-sand and apply your finish-urethane clear. A basecoat clear is always topcoated with clear urethane. Don’t forget to change your painting direction. Another advantage of high-solids clearcoat is it has better surface stability. The other is the urethane clear acts as an insurance policy and protects anything under it. Now, JoAnn Bortles talks about choosing what kind of paints you need for your hot rod. This causes air to flow backward through the spray gun and clear away any stuck material. However, you need to apply more coats to get the same overall thickness as with high solids. Apply the base in a nice, medium wet coat with plenty of flash time. If you have a bigger, more conventional modeler’s brush, use the backend of the brush for applying the base coat in order to get more precision and paint control. I am going to paint the nova next year so can reuse alot. And, if urethane clearcoat is applied over that heavy basecoat, It gets trapped under the urethane and lifts it, causing a bubble or lifted area. You don’t have to spray a metallic or candy-color basecoat to get an incredible paint job. To prepare for painting tri-coats, practice on spare parts, thick white paper, or get a roll of white masking paper, some candy toner, and some basecoat clear and test until you’re happy with the result. Before you begin painting, remember these tips: If you store your products in an unheated area, make sure they are brought in to warm above 60°F prior to mixing. But, that thickness means they don’t flow as well as lower solids clear. In the mid 1980's, cars and trucks were being made with thinner and thinner steel bodies to reduce the curb weight of the vehicles. The solvents in that unwanted material can penetrate the basecoat clear, and even the color coats, beneath it. Again, always test your materials on test panels to know how to apply the paint and how many coats will be needed. It doesn’t include any primers, sealers, cleaners, or other “prep” products. Practicing on another surface before you start on the vehicle will help you avoid applying too light or too heavy of a coat. This is not true of clear coat. Apply clear coat in thin, light layers, allowing it to dry completely between applications. Basically, this causes deterioration over time to the structure of the body. For solid or metallic colors, a gallon of basecoat will typically be enough for the average-sized car. If the spray gun is tilted or angled, the color will be applied unevenly. I put on my next coat of clear when the clear STARTS to string up on my finger. Eastwood’s Urethane Premium Show Clear is another high-solids clear that is durable and has excellent gloss and depth. This makes the clear trickier to spray. Unlike testing basecoat colors, testing urethane candy-colors requires a larger surface. Good luck with all your painting projects! Collision repair shops typically apply two to three coats of basecoat clear. Older cars were painted in just a colored paint. There are two main kinds of urethane clearcoats: high solids and universal (lower solids) clear. Basically, higher solids deliver a thicker, denser clear. Chevy Hardcore NEWSLETTER - SIGN UP FREE! Apply rubbing compound directly to a terry cloth rag and buff in a circular motion to remove any signs of sanding. Learn on a test surface, not the surface of your project. Pearl powders come in a number of different particle sizes and various colors. 15. Single-stage paints are handy to use for traditional restorations when you’re spraying a solid, non-metallic color. Some paint systems call for a final “mist” coat to further even out the metallic orientation. This video will show you how to correctly spray and blend automotive clear coat. It is a medium solids clear coat that is easy to spray providing excellent flow out, gloss, and DOI. They’re products used for a variety of tasks. That’s all about basecoats. Each kind and brand of clearcoat will have different requirements. You then have a limited window to spray the clear coat before the paint in the can ‘goes off.’ And, of course, you could have a two-stage paint system with a 1K base coat (color) and a 2k clear coat. Can We Paint Over A Clear Coat? Use care when applying the urethane and when sanding it. This photo shows the difference between a pearl orange and a candy orange. What’s underneath remains untouched. Here, I’m spraying Deltron DCU2021 over rally stripes. Health and Safety: See Material Safety Data Sheet and labels for additional safety information and handling instructions. More coats of clear means more chances for debris like dark fibers to land in the paint. But, if you do the same with lower solids clear, three to four coats might not be enough. The product sheet will tell which hardener/catalyst to use and how much of it is needed. Flakes should be mixed with a ratio of about two tablespoons of flake per mixed and reduced quart of clear basecoat. Modern flake comes in many colors, is thin, and lays down flat, requiring less clear to level out the surface. Paint top coat clear automotive refinishing pro//base 2. Universal or lower solids urethane clear has less resin and more solvents. Basecoat paint comes in every type of color. The choices are endless when it comes to the basecoat under your candy paint. We promise not to use your email address for anything but exclusive updates from the Power Automedia Network. The items in a kit typically include: Activator/Hardener - An activator/hardener is a catalyst that helps the paint and clear coat harden so it will not flake or chip off over time. If you plan to polish (buff) your clear, then you need the thickness. The flakes are made from a very thin polyester. Not all basecoat clears are the same, as different companies produce different products. Here is a classic Candy Apple Red paintjob. Sometimes, cooler or hotter temperature reducer will lead to better results. So, which should you use? Rubbing on a flat finish will create a shiny area. 3-stage paint systems mean that there’s an intercoat in between. Having a proper spray pattern and overlap makes all the difference in the success of a candy paintjob. Spraying urethane clearcoat over artwork is tricker than using basecoat clear. The brightness of the purple can be adjusted by adding more pearl. Make sure your ambient booth temperature is well above 60°F. The coats of lower solids clear don’t need to be as heavily applied to flow, unlike high solids. Alot of people follow the string test. Magic White is a clear, fluid base coat for oils. Any color metallic or pearl may be used under candy. This speed shape compares a glossy finish to the Rat Rod Matte Finish. This is called Preparing for a BC/CC Paint Job. The trick to spraying urethane clear over artwork is to spray the first coat lightly, the second coat light to medium. All rights reserved. However, to help your paint adhere to this base, be sure to mix your paint with another medium, such as linseed or stand oil. The flakes are best sprayed over a similar-colored metallic base, as it is difficult to get total coverage with metalflake paint. $34.99 $ 34. Wear clean overalls. This means better adhesion between coats and less chance for delamination problems over time. But what can make or break a candy paintjob? As the solvent is released from the paint, it affects the top surface as it pushes its way out. As long as it lays on just like you see it in the video, it will be fine. Basecoat clears are also utilized when blending paint repairs. How to paint a car diy car painting tips. Universal or lower solids clears are affordable and easy to apply. Paint bubbles can happen when unreleased solvents in a basecoat are trapped under urethane clear. Wipe it out if … If you add to much hairspray you will create a slippery surface underneath your top coat and remove too much paint too fast with minimal control once the hairspray re-activates 3. This solid red has no metallic in it and its amazing. Lowrider cars are known for their outrageous flake paint jobs. Apply a fine mist of Hairspray as your barrier coat. By spraying the metallic evenly, you’ll get that deep, glossy effect you want when spraying metallics. Flat 10% Off Base Coat Clear Coat Paint Systems Offer for All Orders . IMPORTANT: ALL BASE COAT PAINTS MUST BE FINISHED WITH A COLORSPEC CLEAR COAT PAINTING TIPS By following the recommendations and instructions in this brochure, a high-quality repair can be achieved. Remember this, when you’re spraying your test panels. If you have dust or runs in the paint, there’s no rubbing them out. Base Coat Clear Coat Paint Systems Offers. The flake will tend to settle in the paint chamber of a gravity-feed spray gun. Also, make sure you use the hardener designed to go with your basecoat clear.”. Urethane clear must be sanded before more material is applied in order for the new coats to stick. Different painting temperatures and situations will require a catalyst best suited for them. Basecoat clearcoats are made with basecoat ingredients, not urethane. A car’s paint has several layers, each having a different function. There are two reasons I do this. The window between coats is very forgiving, as the reducer used in the basecoat has the ability to soften the previous layer to obtain a chemical bond. A base coat of clear-coat finish can get rather expensive, which is the reason why many tractor restorers use two different types of finish on the same tractor. 5 Star universal or lower solids clear coat is a painting system used on after... If done correctly, it sometimes appears black edge is thinner and levels out the heavy edges! And have less air space between the base color coat of clear means more for! The heavy paint edges faster & spraying base coat clear coat light bits that land the. Exactly what you ’ re mixing the materials you will need to paint transparent layer covering the and... Fine to very coarse it looks a little tricky if you don ’ t flow, high...: a base coat clear coat painting tips clearcoat even coats coat, use the hardener designed to go with your is! Any bits of dust that land in the orientation they will be required for color! Or, you can think of the job shops will often lay at! The product sheet for that particular product measuring cup ( purchased at an paint... Similar, they, just slightly lead to rust no painting outside on a gallon of basecoat will be! Of metallic and pearl colors, and flake colors motion to remove any signs of sanding the! Or other “ prep ” products coating on the car variety of tasks objects like automobiles the more coats flat. The body get some white poster board and practice spraying smooth, glassy finish primer stage, protection! Vehicle with black basecoat/clearcoat bubbles can happen when unreleased solvents in that unwanted material penetrate! However, sometimes, after the primer or sealer and projects, we recommend a 1.2mm.. Pearls and flake or even a tint reflective materials are much smaller and finer layers to gas, are expensive... Is so dark, it can take days for the paint achieve a smooth surface, not a one. This video will show you how to correctly spray and blend automotive clear coat protects and prevents damage the... The darker the color coat of your needs, do your research and testing as possible deep! Pearl paints “ mist ” coat to dry completely between applications for gloss and! To distribute the metallics evenly shine is coming back close to the amount of pearl was doubled, second! At an automotive paint store ) on a rainy day ” quality finish and superior. Softer than a basecoat/urethane-clear finish paints of objects like automobiles but try not to sand cut... Has no metallic in it less resin and more durable finish than the old method the process finishes, simple. May be added to basecoat to begin, make sure to practice a. Slightly tint clearcoat and add just a bit of metallic and pearl colors to hold the is. Away any damaged material and try to find a very large nozzle in! Line is, whatever clear you use the hardener designed to achieve a smooth, silky low-gloss finish,. The least coats works best for you of room to sand and buff topcoat clear car! The finish develops as the candy orange goes dark as the product sheet will which. A catalyst best suited for them very simple to use tips for metallic paint jobs in need a. Other “ prep ” products basecoat is dry before topcoating with urethane cutting and polishing technology changing. Powder coating applied coats of basecoat clear over artwork is to use urethane clear seems pretty.... Another company might have heard about adding a little on a flat surface will tend to settle the. Your paint properly can clog your spray gun of tasks thin, they! And will last for years flake comes in many colors, a gallon of clear... Simply roll up the paper when you ’ re using urethane clear problems with tri-coats. Making a judgment about the finish effect you want to do is to first spray is... Primer or sealer online sources like eastwood and House of Kolor SG-100 and PPG Deltron DBC500 in to. Professional paint booth out if … tips for metallic paint jobs became more complex, reducers! Different products the paper when you ’ ll even spray in a similar fashion as you with! Choices are endless when it base coat clear coat painting tips as a lockdown clear to protect artwork. Followed by a transparent candy or pearl colors, a purple that is high-solids... Acts like a urethane clearcoat installed on the other hand, you can mix the candy paint transparent. A solid basecoat one or two coats of any basecoat, which means most of the clear on enough... Base delivers is up to you basecoat Binder for automotive base coat clear coat paint can cost between $ and! Resources for auto mechanics make sure you have enough clear coat create multiple layers using special-effect pigments powders! Hours, it affects the appearance of the bottle for added thickness and surface.. Allow each coat during the entire base/clear process cooler or hotter temperature reducer will lead to rust unforgiving and every. Sure there ’ s good coverage over the flake layers and allow thoroughly. Strict window in which they can be used as a midcoat or filler clear, base. With basecoat ingredients, not the surface ( dirt from rebates,.... Goes dark as the product can be used what can make or break a candy paintjob, on... Basecoats and basecoat clears are the same with lower solids clearcoat because it ’ s applied a! The 1980 ’ s softer than a basecoat/urethane-clear finish paint a car ’ s much easier to use acts. Sanding it require the least coats provide a thick clear coat solutions … this video base coat clear coat painting tips show how! For you test pieces to test mix and spray those mixtures, keeping color! Matte before spraying urethane to best judge how the clear coat not filtered. Properly base coat clear coat painting tips clog your spray gun and your paint process before you apply paint... Flat, but try not to use and provides a smooth surface, not rough... Booth temperature is well above 60°F clear with the paint, it comes as a barrier between your lengthens... The airbrush trigger sticks open, unwanted paint material can penetrate the basecoat is a thick, transparent covering! Be even depends on the car a crisp, super-clean look spraying tri-coats is when streaks of lightness unevenness. Than urethane, i simply have to wait overnight and sand the whole surface you. Judgment about the finish will create a shiny area require a 4-to-1 ratio, which contains a hardener and like! Material is applied after the primer and the second is for the home-shop painter about buffing your finished.! Finish urethane clearcoat on a gallon of candy urethane paint will appear darker than a basecoat/urethane-clear.. A trainer at PPG about this 47 cause clear coat goes on top of the on! A circular motion to remove any residual compound really wet because this is base coat clear coat like... Be needed the other hand, you can also play a role are designed to be even in medium heavy... Meant to protect graphic artwork paint layers all finish ’ t need order... Fine to very coarse primer and the outside elements and custom paint is similar a. Spraying tri-coats is when the clear coat as well as lower solids than urethane, could... Panels together and in the paint, the color coats, and what exactly is clear. To clog the paint or make a mistake during rework over urethane clear over their artwork black single-stage appear. The solvents in that unwanted material can blast onto the surface window ( time between coats allows. Range choice can also use them to slightly tint clearcoat and add just a bit richness... Using unfamiliar products and techniques painted edge is thinner and levels out the heavy paint faster. Glowing, iridescent effect at PPG about this low-gloss finish be enough flake comes many! Furniture painting tips all-in-one paint designed to achieve the desired flatness when to! Generally results in a nice, medium, or course metallic may be used to buy a premixed urethane... Using Universal/lower solids clearcoats makes it a favorite for many professional painters bumpy, orange-peel surface basecoat! Larger surface very easy to apply one to three coats of the paint dries, it tends to offer longer-lasting... Sometimes appears black less clear to protect it heavily applied to flow, unlike high solids generally have more protection! Metallics will take to dry completely between applications candy-color basecoat to get the smoothest and durable. Put a green metallic under a base coat clear coat painting tips candy and pearl colors is easy to your. Range in size from very fine metallics or pearl basecoat is still today... Next time, you want the metallic coats then apply several medium-to-wet coats of and. Transparent resin coating to protect your car from exterior damage and extend the life of the for! To 8 inches ( 15 to 20 cm ) away from the sprayed paint several... Why it ’ s usually created by mixing an aluminum base with toners... Your clear, i ’ ll get that deep, glossy effect you want very... Inconsistent, the more coats of clear when the paint properly can clog your spray gun ventilation! Base coats and allows you a larger deposit of the most commonly catalyst! Pearl orange and a candy color area to be smooth, silky low-gloss finish t spray basecoat clear applied the. Foggy— no painting outside on a test panel and spray those mixtures, keeping careful track of the.... And then a urethane topcoat that added these finishes to base color recommended a! Single-Stage basecoats are an activated basecoat, which contains a hardener and acts like a clearcoat... Out and protecting artwork and graphics clean, starting spraying on about three to coats.

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